The mountains of Bulgaria cover a large part of the country's territory. Lush meadows with all shades of green lie below the high, inaccessible cliffs and alternate with dense old forests. The generous nature has gifted the country with unique natural entities – rock formations, wrapped in legends, caves with beautiful cave formations, millennial trees and breathtaking high waterfalls.
One of the most beautiful natural formations is the Raiskoto Praskalo waterfall, located in Dzhendema reserve in the national park Central Balkan. It is not only the highest one in Bulgaria, but also on the whole Balkan Peninsula – with a total height of 124.5 meters, it collects waters from the eternal snow-drift, located almost at Botev peak (2,376 meters high) and descends from the Heavenly rocks, located northwest of Ray (Heaven) hut. The waterfall launches a small inflow of Byala river, which winds its forms through alpine pastures, inaccessible precipices, cliffs and rock ridges.
The waterfall is also known as the Kalofersko Praskalo. It is one of the most famous natural landmarks in Bulgaria and attracts many hikers and admirers of the beautiful sights. The place is mainly visited during the summer season, when the waters of the waterfall are highest.
The Vidimsko Praskalo waterfall is located in the eastern part of North Dzhendem reserve in the national park Central Balkan, near the town of Apriltsi. The water falls from 80 meters and makes the waterfall the second highest waterfall in Bulgaria. Three streams gather their waters together and flow into the waterfall, the water flows through an alpine meadow and skirts in an 80-meter water arc in the abyss.
There is a good view of the waterfall from the specially built viewing point on the route of a marked eco-path along the valley of Praskalska river, which starts from WEC Vidima in the town of Apriltsi.
Another beautiful waterfall within the territory of the national park Central Balkan is the Babsko Praskalo. It is not as large as the other waterfalls in the park, but it is very beautiful. Its waters fall from 54 meters of height. The waterfall is located near Rusalka hut, a marked route between Tazha village and Tazha hut leads to it.
The Krushunski waterfalls are one of the most attractive landmarks of the country. They are located 35 kilometers northeast of Lovech, in Maarata area. There is an eco-path, built for convenience of tourists. The path includes more than 15 bridges, located in the picturesque area. The eco path is surrounded on both sides by beautiful plants and freestone rocks. The bridges lead to various paths, giving the tourist access to the entire area.
The Vodopada cave is located at the highest point at the end of the eco path, where the water, falling from 15 meters and forming numerous rapids and pools, springs from. The cave is not well laid out and entry without special equipment and training is prohibited.
The Boyanski waterfall is situated at Boyanska river in the Vitosha mountain, about 5 kilometers of the Sofia quarter Boyana. Its waters fall from a cliff, 15 meters high. This makes it the largest waterfall on the territory of Vitosha. Its waters are highest during the snow melting in the spring season. The waterfall can be reached by two routes – from Kopitoto or from Boyana quarter. In winter, when its waters freeze, the Boyanski waterfall is an attractive point for the adventurers, who practice ice climbing. However, special skills are required, as well as a guide and special equipment.
The Kostenets waterfall is situated in Rila mountain, at Stara (Kostenska) river, near the village of Kostenets. It is also known as Chavcha. The water falls from 12 meters of height and form a unique view. It can be easily reached by travelling from the village of Kostenets to the suburbs. Shortly after the suburbs, an information board sign can be seen, leading to the waterfall. There is a picnic spot constructed nearby, mineral springs and restaurants.
The Skakavishki waterfall is the highest waterfall in mountain Rila. It is located in northwest Rila, at Skakavitsa river and falls within the territory of the National Park Rila. It is located 1,750 meters above the sea level and its waters fall from about 70 meters – majestically, magnificently. The Skakavishki waterfall can be easily reached and is very beautiful.
There is a well-trodden path leading to it, starting from Skakavitsa hut in Rila. The shift from the hut to the waterfall lasts for about 30-40 minutes.
Central Balkan Information Center – Kalofer
Opening hours: 10.00 am – 06.00 pm
days off: Tuesday and Wednesday, working on request
3, Georgi Shopov Str., town of Kalofer
Tel: +359 3133 5988
April - September: 8.00 am to 06.00 pm.
Admission fee of BGN 1 is collected at the gate.
October – March – free of charge.
Contact phones, information: Letnitsa Municipality:
Tel: +359 6941 2256,
Tourist Information Center - Lovech –
Tel: +359 68 604218.
Directorate of National Park Vitosha:
Throughout the year: 9.00 am – 05.30 am, days off: Saturday and Sunday.
Admission – BGN 0.5. The admission fee includes a guided tour in Bulgarian or English.
A curator from the directorate presents guided tours on work days after a preliminary request.
Environmental Protective Information Center “Cherni Osam” at the Museum of Natural History:
opening hours – 8.00 am -12.00 am and 1.00 pm – 05.00 pm, every day
Guided tours are organized by the museum – BGN 5 for a tour in Bulgarian, French, English, German, Russian and Spanish language.
Guided tours in foreign languages are audio-recorded.
5260, village of Cherni Osam, Troyan Municipality, Museum of Natural History
Tel: +359 6962 2371
Opening hours of the directorate of National Park Rila:
9.00 am – 12.30 pm and 01.00 pm – 05.30 pm, days off: Saturday and Sunday
Tel: +359 73 880537